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Bath County News - Outlook
Owingsville, Kentucky
July 26, 2012     Bath County News - Outlook
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July 26, 2012

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12 - July 26, 2012 Your Hometown Newspaper ! News Outlook COOPERATIVE EXTENSION SERVICE UNIVERSI'FY OF KENTUCKY" College of Agriculture TobaCco disease update by Gary Hamilton 'The tobacco growing season in Kentucky has been marked by very dry weather, for the most part, and these condi- tions have not been con- ducive to the develop- ment of foliar diseases. As a result, there have been very few cases of target spot or frogeye to date. Another bit of good news is that blue mold appears to be non- existent in the U.S. this year. An early outbreak of the disease in Penn- sylvania was contained and no additional cases have been reported so far this season. Recent rains have brought some much- needed moisture and we will likely see an increase in foliar diseases on to- bacco around the state. Target spot and frogeye could become problem- atic if we begin to see regular rains. Quadris fungicide, applied at 8 fl fl oz/A, has been shown to give reasonably good control of target spot if applied at least once at beginning around layby. A second application may be needed at top- ping to help with this disease if needed, and to suppress late-season frogeye leaf spot should that disease be active. When it comes to frog- eye, anecdotal evidence indicates that a rate of 10-12 fl oz/A would be more appropriate for control. Timing the Quadris applications for frogeye control should follow what we're recom- mending for target spot unless disease pressure is heavy before layby. In these cases, treat with Quadris as soon as pos- sible. A follow-up treat- ment may be necessary later in the season if dis- ease is active, particular- ly around topping time. If multiple applications of Quadris are needed, the label requires alter- nation with a ftmgicide which has a different mode of action than Qua&is. For frogeye and target spot, our only options would be Man- zate Pro-Stick, Dithane DF, or Penncozeb (man- cozeb fungicides). So a grower applying Quadris at layby could come back with mancozeb 2-3 weeks later, and then treat with Quadris either before or after layby to stay compli- ant with the label. We've also had a few questions about tank- mixing Quadris with other products. The Quadris label states that this fungicide should never be mixed with pesticides formulated as emulsifiable concen- trates (ECs), or those that have high solvent levels, to avoid the risk of severe phytotoxicity (leaf burn, mainly). I've also heard from contacts at Syngenta that products such as maleic hydra- zide (MH), foliar fungi- cides, and even acephate (Orthene or generic for- mulations) also increase the risk of crop injury if mixed with Quadris. I recommend that Quad- ris never be applied with any sucker control ma- terial, foliar fertilizer, or surfactant. With regard to Orthene, we have had some reports of injury in Kentucky when this insecticide is tank-mixed with Quadris; however, many have applied this combination with no ill effects. To play it safe, it may be best to not use Orthene and Qua&is together during the hot, dry spell that we're un- der right now. Quadris you may be facing the need to feed hay sooner than you normally do and supplies are going to be tight this year. So, how much hay do you need per horse? In many cases, using an estimate of 2 per- cent of the horse's body weight per day is where you should start. For example, a 1,200-pound horse will need about 24 pounds of hay per day. In a more normal year, an inventory of hay for 150 to 180 days would be a reasonable amount; however, with limited pasture available this year and uncertainty about availability this fall, planning ahead can keep you from rimning short on feed. Plan ahead and consid- er that you may need to feed for more days. If you are feeding 24 pounds per day, that means you will feed more than one-third of a ton per month. If you add in some waste, which will happen 10 percent of the time, you are up to four-tenths of a ton per horse per month. Think of ways you can reduce waste or keep it at 10 per- cent by using a suitable hay feeder. Many owners feed hay on the ground and that can result in a loss of more than 50 per- cent. With hay becoming so cos@ and possibly in short supply, making good use of what you've got makes good sense. Start planning for win- ter feeding supplies now as you consider when you are going to have to strong bones and teeth, a healthy digestive system, a stronger immune sys- tem, and overall feelings of greater energy. A well-balanced diet consists of a variety of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, lean sources of proteins, and low-fat dairy products. Portion control is im- portant for achieving a healthy diet. Prdper portion control can help an individual maintain a healthy weight, or lose or gain weight if necessary. More information about correct portion sizes can be found at MyPlate.gov. To form a well-balanced meal, first fill half of the plate with fruits and veg- etables. They provide a variety of vitamins and minerals and are rich in dietary fiber. Fiber pro- motes both heart health and digestive health. Vi- tamins and minerals sup- port several bodily func- tions and provide many health benefits. Different colors provide different vitamins and minerals, so aim to cover all colors of the rainbow throughout the week through fruit and vegetable consump- tion. Choose to eat fruits and vegetables year- round, whether they are fresh or frozen. When shopping for canned produce, select reduced sodium varieties. Ex- periment with produce by trying new fruits and vegetables and including them in different recipes. Next, fill one-quarter of the plate with grains. According to the USDA's cause,ther fl k- start feeding hay for yo ,: : .My late if applied' by itself" m:" horses guse h&' weather, and would may no 'bi; J; sttire be more likely to burn if tank-mixed with Orthene under these conditions. Taking .car, e of horses m dry conditions by Gary Hamilton No question about it, 2012 is proving to be a record breaker where heat and drought are concerned. You'll want to make some adjustments due to the weather to take care of your horses this summer. It's very important to also con- sider what you will need to feed them later on this year. Horse owners rely on pasture to meet a sig- nificant portion of their horses' daily nutrient needs. With dry condi- tions across Kentucky, able. For Some, that time of no pasture is fight now. Make sure you have enough hay for your horses. Finding it now will be much easier than finding it later. Eating a Weft Balanced Dmt Katie Stegman, UK Intern, Bath County Extension Service Eating a well-balanced diet provides many health benefits. A healthy diet promotes a healthy body weight, which in turn de- creases an individual's risk for chronic diseases, including Type 2 Diabe- tes and heart disease. A healthy diet can also help maintain healthy choles- terol levels, blood pres- sure, and glucose levels. More benefits include healthy skin and hair, ALLISON'S TRACTOR SHOW & RIDE August 3rd, 4th, & 5th Bluelicks, KY Allison's Concrete 8355 Maysville Road Carlisle, KY 40311 (859) 289-6888 All Exhibitors Welcome! Any make, model, size or condition. Tractor Ride Saturday at 1:00 (line up at 12:30) Bring your lawn chair & come out for a night of good food, gospel, & country singing Sat- urday August 4th. Singing will start at 6:00 p.m. All Proceeds from the food sales will be donated to the Nicholas Co. Senior Citizen's Center No money down. Tax, title should be whole grains. Whole grains contain more dietary fiber than refined grains, and they offer some antioxidants that are not found in fruits and vegetables. Consumption of whole grains can help to re- duce one's risk of heart disease, stroke, cancer, diabetes, and obesity. Bread, pastas, and cere- als all can be found in whole grain varieties. Try other whole grains that are new to you to" add variety to your diet. Some whole grains in- clude oats, wheat, corn, rice, barley, quinoa, sor- ghum, spelt, and rye. Try new whole grains and find ways to incorpo- rate them into your favor- ite recipes. The fourth quarter of your plate should be a lean source of protein. Protein is essential for many bodily processes, and it keeps you fuller longer so that you are less likely to overeat. It helps to rebuild muscle tissue that is torn dur- ing strenuous exercise and weightlifting. Many foods provide protein and are low in saturated fat. The meats that fit into this category in- clude lean cuts of red meat, game meat, lean ground meat, lean deli meat, and organ meat. Poultry and seafood are both lean sources of protein. Other sources of protein include eggs, beans, peas, nuts, seeds, and processed soy prod- ucts. To complete your meal, non- fat dairy products such as milk and yogurt are good options to provide vitamin D and calcium, which together help maintain bone strength. Individuals who have lac- tose intolerance should consider a dairy-free al- ternative that is calcium- rich, such as soy milk, almond milk, or calcium- fortified orange juice. When preparing foods, use healthy fats. Diets rich in monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fat- ty acids help to promote heart health. Saturated fat should be limited to avoid clogging of the arteries, and trans fat should be excluded from the diet. When choos- ing a product with which to prepare foods, avoid those high in saturated fat such as butter, lard, and vegetable shorten- ing, and instead choose those high in unsatu- rated fatty acids such as canola oil, olive oil, and safflower oil. After you finish pre- paring your meal, half ot your plate is filled with fruits and vegetables, one quarter filled with whole grains, and one quarter filled with lean protein. Your foods are prepared with healthy fats, and you have a calcium-rich food on the side. If you use correct portion sizes and model your meals in this fashion, you will be eat- ing a well-balanced diet. Educational programs of the Kentucky Cooper- ative Extension Service serve all people regard- less of race, color, age, sex, religion, disability or national origin. Stk.#55516C eluded. No dealer fees. All rebates assigned to dealer.